Edward Hyde, popularly known as 1st Earl of Clarendon was a great English statesman and historian, he was born on 18th February, 1609.

He was also grandfather of Mary II and also Queen Anne, who were British monarchs.

Portrait of Earl of Clarendon Having born as third child of his parents, in 1622, at first he was first educated at Magdalen Hall of Oxford, now known as Hertford College of Oxford. (His portrait is hanging in hall of the college in his honor even now).

He finished his graduation degree BA in the year 1626. After the death of his two brothers, he took the responsibility of his father's heir.

In the year 1626 he studied Law by entering Middle Temple he had more abilities and qualities than industry and academic brilliance.

Instead of spending time on studying treatises of law, he preferred the intellectual society of writers and scholars and devoted his time and attention to general reading.

He devoted his attention to immediate blessing of God and providence of Almighty, he publicly owed his little knowledge and his good character and personality to good conversation and great friendships of contemporaries who lived in his age, like Lord Falkland, Hales, Selden, Waller and Ben Jonson.

He was very much influenced by their thoughts and works and after indulging widely by reading them, he drew literary talent and solid learning which distinguished him as a great learned scholar. York House In 1629, he was married for the first time with Anne who was daughter of scholar, Sir George Ayliffe, Grittenham. Unfortunately his first wife died within six months of the marriage.

In 1634, he married Frances, who was daughter of another scholar, Sir Thomas Aylesbury who was Master of Requests.

Anne was born out of the second wedlock. He made a successful entry into the bar in 1633 and within a short span of time he gained good practice and position in the bar.

He gained influential contacts of friends from the wedding relationship. In December, 1634, he assumed the charge of Keeper of Writs & Rolls of Common Pleas.

His professional conduct in the matter of petition filed by London Merchants against the opposite party Portland gained Laud's approval.

He returned to Short Parliament in 1640 and later in Long Parliament.

He started as critic of Charles I, but later on moved to royalist side by championing the cause of Church of England and launching staunch opposition to Earl of Strafford's execution, who was Primary Advisor to Charles.

Hyde took charge as Informal Adviser to King, after Grand Remonstrance in the year 1641.

During the period of Civil War, Hyde served as Chancellor of Exchequer in King's Council.